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If you haven’t been on an African safari before and this is your first time planning such an adventure, you are in for a real treat! Africa offers many dream destinations and unique experiences just waiting for you to enjoy. Planning your first safari to Africa is a beautiful build-up to the actual holiday. However, it can also be baffling and time-consuming. It would be best if you considered many aspects, such as where to go, how much it will cost, when is the best time to travel, and what wildlife you’ll be able to see.  That is where the value of a travel agent comes in.

One of the world's most magical and achingly beautiful countries, Africa is an incredible travel destination known for its diverse landscapes, dazzling light, spectacular variety of animals, and friendly people. Specifically, I’m narrowing down this information to Kenya. The safari regions in Kenya are considered safe destinations. Still, nevertheless, some of the details below will help answer all your pre-trip questions, especially if you are visiting Kenya for the first time.

Did you know that you are almost guaranteed to encounter the Big Five on an African safari? Game hunters initially used the Big Five to describe Africa’s most challenging animals to hunt. These days, laws have been introduced in most African countries to protect the African lion, African elephant, Cape buffalo, black and white species of rhinoceros, and the African leopard.

What to pack: 

  • A wide-brimmed, sturdy sun hat to keep your face out of the harsh African sun

  • A bandana to tie around your face for the dry, dusty regions

  • Comfortable sneakers, tennis or boat shoes (you don’t require specialized hiking boots to go on a bush walk)

  • Sandals or flip-flops for around the camp

  • T-shirts or golf shirts in khaki, beige, green, and neutral colors

  • Long-sleeved cotton shirts to protect you from the sun and mosquito bites at dusk

  • Shorts (please note we don’t recommend short skirts as these are completely impractical when climbing in a 4×4 vehicle)

  • Jeans or safari trousers for cooler days and evenings

  • Light sweater or jumper

  • A sports bra for game drives, as the roads may be bumpy

  • A lightweight, waterproof, zippered jacket for the rainy summer months

  • A swimming costume (nothing too revealing)

  • Warm, wind-proof jacket or fleece, anorak, scarf, gloves, and beanie for the winter months, early morning and evening game drives, or higher altitudes

  • Socks and underwear

  • Personal toiletries

  • High SPF sunblock, moisturizer, after-sun gel, and lip balm

  • Strong insect repellent

  • Sunglasses

  • Binoculars and camera equipment (we suggest packing a dustproof bag to keep your camera equipment safe)

  • A copy of your passport

  • A money belt to carry your valuables (money and passport) under your clothes when traveling

Luggage Restrictions

For light aircraft travel within Kenya, strict luggage restrictions vary depending on your destination. Travelers to East Africa may only take a total luggage weight of 15kg (33lbs), including carry-on hand luggage. Your bags must also be soft-sided with no wheels or rigid frames so that these may easily fit into the hold of a small aircraft. Should you need additional luggage, you can buy an extra seat, allowing for an additional 70kg (154lbs). Please check that your total luggage weight complies with the restrictions for all your Kenyan destinations before your departure.

Visa Requirements

You will need a visa when visiting Kenya if you are a citizen of the USA, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, or any other EU country. If you hold citizenship for any other country, please consult the below link to determine if you require a visa: Kenya Visa Requirements.

As with most travel destinations, your passport must be valid for at least six months beyond your departure date out of Kenya, with at least two consecutive (unstamped) blank visa pages in your passport. The visa costs around £30 or $50 and can be bought on arrival in Nairobi (ensure that you have the exact US dollars and that your US bills were issued after 2006) or in advance from the relevant Kenyan High Commission.

Medical Must-Knows

There are several mandatory medications and vaccinations for Kenya, so here is our complete list:

While Nairobi and some other highland areas are relatively low-risk malaria zones, malaria in Kenya (as well as many regions of East Africa) is endemic, so we strongly recommend obtaining anti-malaria medication before you depart from your medical doctor or other health authority. The most commonly prescribed malaria tablet is currently Malarone. Malaria tablets, unfortunately, often come with some side effects (fortunately, the most common ones aren’t too serious) and, for the most part, manifest with a light sensitivity and slightly regularly applying upset tummies. We thus recommend that you periodically use a high SFP sunscreen (even for olive skin).

In some parts of Africa, you may be required to be vaccinated against Yellow Fever.  In Kenya and certain parts, it is not required. The Yellow Fever jab lasts ten years (although it’s relatively pricey, around £80, it’s money well spent) and must be administered at least ten days before departure. This vaccine is recommended for children nine months and older.

We advise you always to drink bottled water in Kenya, especially if you have traveled from abroad. All our recommended safari camps and lodges supply their guests with fresh, clean (filtered or bottled) water. We suggest checking with your camp manager to determine if tap water is safe for brushing your teeth.


Passport/Visa Requirements:  Your passport must have at least six months of validity beyond your return date. A tourist Visa is also required and can be obtained upon arrival at the airport. The cost is USD 25 and must be paid in Cash.

Kenya is a multilingual country, with Swahili and English as official languages. Here are a couple of Swahili words to get you started:

  • ”Jambo” is a standard greeting meaning “Hello, how are you?”

  • “Asante” or “Asante Sana” – meaning “thank you” and “thank you very much”

  • “Pole Pole” means “slowly, slowly,” referring to the slower African pace!


Kenya is 3hours ahead (all year round) of the Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)


Kenya is near the equator, so it does not experience a real winter or summer season. The country has a pleasant tropical climate but can vary greatly depending on several factors, particularly altitude. Daytime temperatures, on average, reach between 20°C/68°F and 28°C/82°F, with hotter and more humid temperatures on the coast often rising above 30°C/86°F. The coastal areas are humid and hot all year round but tempered by the monsoon winds. Temperatures inland are relatively temperate, with a more desirable and drier climate in Kenya’s northern parts.  The hottest time of the year is from mid-December to March, with the most remarkable period from late June until October. The long rains fall from late April through May to early June, with the short rains falling from November until mid-December.


Currency And Credit Cards
Kenya’s currency is the Kenyan Shilling (KSh), which comprises 100 cents. Visa and MasterCard are widely accepted, while American Express and Diners Club cards are usually not. Check with your bank that your Visa or MasterCard has no foreign transaction fees.


Power And Connectivity
Since most Kenyan camps and lodges are located in remote areas, electricity is generated by solar power or via a diesel generator. Most lodges or camps will have a central charging station (in your room or common area), which may be used to charge your electrical equipment. Most camps provide their guests with plug adapters, but if you prefer to have your own, you must buy a ‘G’ socket type using the universal plug adapter WA-7.



It is less accessible the further away you are from urban areas. Mobile services are usually available in southern Kenya around Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, the entire coastal region, popular safari parks, and on the long road between Nairobi and Mombasa. The northern part of Kenya, however, needs network access. Some remote game lodges and hotels offer Wi-Fi, which can be expensive.

Tipping guides, drivers, or support staff to show your appreciation for excellent service is customary in Kenya and is done in US or Kenyan Shillings (KSh).

  • General Tipping Guidelines

  • Ranger or Guide – $20 per couple per day

  • Tracker – $15 per couple per day

  • Butler – $15 per couple per day

  • Camp Staff – $15 per couple per day

  • Transfer Drivers – $5 per transfer

  • Porters – $1 per bag

  • Restaurants – 10% of the bill


Visitors to Kenya should be aware that they are not allowed to take photographs or film the President of Kenya nor his residence, airports, railway stations, the military or the police and their barracks, any government buildings, or the Kenyan flag. If you want to take a picture of a Masai warrior, you must ask for his consent, as he may only be willing to do so for a fee.

Health Tip: We recommend packing your probiotics and charcoal pills before meals if you have a sensitive stomach.  While most food is just fine, there are some foreign items you may appreciate having your stomach well prepared.  Oh, and pack the travel Kleenex wherever you go.  More often than not, it's great to blow your nose or wipe off any sweat or dust when you are in the open-air vehicles on safari. 

Is there a burning question that you have about Keyna? Please get in touch with us to plan your next getaway.

Now, all that’s left to do is choose your dates and book your trip to one of the most beautiful African countries for the vacation of a lifetime!

Empowering you to live well + travel!

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